Main Article Content

Linda Sunarti
Teuku Reza Fadeli
Abdu Rakhman
Didik Pradjoko
Noor Fatia Lastika Sari


This study analyses the presence of Javanese cultural roots in Malaysian culture. For the last ten years, both Indonesia and Malaysia have been the subject of a number of cultural claims and counter-claims. Their similar cultural heritages and practices were deemed to be the underlying factors that created tensions between the two countries. In response to these claims, this research aims to discover how such similarities are related to the evolution of perception and the act of preservation of the Javanese culture in Malaysia. This study adopts a historical approach using qualitative data obtained through interviews with both Indonesians and Malaysians who are Javanese descendants, quantitative data obtained through the distribution of questionnaires, and literature studies on archives, documents, newspapers, and books. The data were processed in accordance with the method of historical writing, utilising heuristics, criticism, interpretation, and historiography. This study concludes that the process of assimilation and adaptation adopted by the Javanese diaspora in Malaysia has shifted the public’s perceptions, and therefore affected the way the Malay community reacted to foreign cultural influences, to eventually preserve and assimilate with those influences. Thus, existing similarities between the two countries were further expanded to the regional community, where mass media could play a significant role in promoting a sense of regional brotherhood or function as a catalyst for counter-claims.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Author Biographies

Abdu Rakhman, History Department, Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Indonesia

Abdurakhman is a Senior Lecturer at the History Department, Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Indonesia.

Didik Pradjoko, History Department, Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Indonesia.

Didik Pradjoko is a Senior Lecturer at the History Department, Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Indonesia.

Noor Fatia Lastika Sari, History Department, Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Indonesia.

Noor Fatia Lastika Sari is a Research Assistant at the History Department, Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Indonesia.


Akbal. M. bin Abdullah and R.A.A. Fatah. Diaspora Rumpun Melayu di Muar, Johor, Malaysia. Article presented at the Seminar Diaspora dan Deklarasi Daerah Kembar Siak dengan Dungun Trengganu, at Siak in 15-17 November 2013.
Interview in Prof. Soekiman (Professor of Science at Universitas Kebangsaan Malaysia) at Sijangkang, in October 24th, 2017.
Interview with Miskun bin Karim (cultural observer in Johor, the owner of Setia Budy Group art hall in the village of Parit Nipah Darat, Batu Pahat) on August 21st, 2017.
Interview with Prof. Dr. Nooriyah Mohammed (Professor in Cultural Studies at University Kebangsaan Malaysia) in July 13th, 2017.
Koentjaraningrat. 1975. Manusia dan Kebudayaan di Indonesia. Jakarta: Djambatan.
Md. Yusof, Md. Dahlan, “Kuda Kepang: Tarian Berbaur Mitos”, Dewan Budaya, No. 4 of Year 4.
Miyazaki, K. 1990. Alienation and Adaptation: Javanese Immigrant in Malay Society. AREA: Global Area Studies, Kyoto University.
Mohammed, N. 2014. Benang Sari Melayu Jawa. Bangi: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Press.
Moore, W.E. 1986. Perubahan Sosial. Siri Bacaan Sosisologi Moden. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kementrian Pelajaran Malaysia.
Rahman, M.K.A. 2006. Trance dalam Kuda Kepang Mabuk (KKM): Suatu Manifestasi Simbolik Perjalanan. Kelantan: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Press.
______. 2009. Mabuk Mistikal: Semiotik Metafizik dalam Kuda Kepang Mabuk. Pulau Pinang: Universiti Sains Malaysia Press, 2009.
Redfield, R, R. Linton and M.J. Herskovits. 1936. “Memorandum for the Study of Acculturation”, American Anthropologist, Vol. 38, p. 149-152.
Schrieke, B.O.J. 1955 & 1966. Indonesian Sociological Studies; Selected Writings of B. Schrieke. The Hague.