A comparattve study of the Pariyatti courses in Mandalay and Pakokku

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Khin Thidar


Myanmar is supposed to b e a Theravâda Buddhist country and it has a long tradition in the study and practice of Buddhism. To made that possible both monks and men including kings and governments take their equal share in: 1. Teaching the Pitaka comprising Suttanta, Vinaya and Abhidhammâ. 2. Leaming the Pitaka. 3. Discussing the theory and practice of the teachings of the Buddha (know as Sâsanâ). 4. Propagating the Sâsanâ. In the aspect of teaching, the most important thing is to have competent teachers. In the aspect of learning, I find that the medium of teaching is also an important thing to consider. For promotion and propagation of Sâsanâ, the members of Sanghâ have to do the two duties viz. Ganthadhûra - the duty to learn and teach the Pitaka, and Vipassanâdhûra - the duty to meditate. (Buddhist Term, 2000,62). In order to carry out these duties of the member of the Sanghâ establish monasteries or Câsantuik, where Buddhist Scriptures are taught especially to young monks. They are also expected to perform other responsibilities of Pariyatti. There are three kinds of Sanghâ engaged in the Ganthadhûra viz. Câkhya, Câluik and Câchui. Students who attend the lectures are called Câluik. One of them selected to read the text is Câchui and the lecturer is Câkhya. The teachers or Câkhya Charâtoau (Ganthavâcaka) we various methods to make the lessons easy for the students. The two widely used methods in Myanmar are Mandalay Method and Pakokku Method.


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THIDAR, Khin. A comparattve study of the Pariyatti courses in Mandalay and Pakokku. JATI - JOURNAL OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN STUDIES, [S.l.], v. 7, p. 169-174, dec. 2002. ISSN 2600-8653. Available at: <https://jati.um.edu.my/article/view/6601>. Date accessed: 22 may 2019.