DANCING WITH THE GHOSTS OF THE SEA: EXPERIENCING THE PAGKANDULI RITUAL OF THE SAMA DILAUT (BAJAU LAUT) IN SIKULAN, TAWI-TAWI, SOUTHERN PHILIPPINES

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Hanafi Hussin Santamaria M.C.M

Abstract

Ritual reveals much about a culture through its elements, structure, and purpose.
This paper discusses the importance of sacred dance performance by introducing
the bansa, a category of “ghosts,” in the cosmology of the Sama Dilaut (Bajau Dilaut)
of Sitangkai Island, Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. By having the Pagkanduli ritual of the
Sama Sitangkai of Tawi-Tawi, Southern Philippines, it describes the process of the
ritual and its significance to the community livelihood. The first part narrates the
various phases of the Pagkanduli ritual from the journey from Sitangkai to Sikulan
Island to perform the dance named mag-igal under the dangkan tree. It starts with
the procession to the dangkan tree and moves to the grove to perform the mag-igal,
and then return to the dangkan tree area for games, and finally farewell incantation
to the spirits to mark the ending of the ceremony. The second part of the paper
provides an analysis on the types of bansa and the qualities of its character and
categories of what they possess, what are done to them, and what they purportedly
do. The paper puts forward an argument for the importance of ritual in the formation
of identity via memory making and embodied practice.
Keywords: Pagkanduli ritual, bansa, identity, memory making, and cosmology

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How to Cite
HUSSIN, Hanafi; M.C.M, Santamaria. DANCING WITH THE GHOSTS OF THE SEA: EXPERIENCING THE PAGKANDULI RITUAL OF THE SAMA DILAUT (BAJAU LAUT) IN SIKULAN, TAWI-TAWI, SOUTHERN PHILIPPINES. JATI - JOURNAL OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN STUDIES, [S.l.], v. 13, p. 159-172, dec. 2008. ISSN 2600-8653. Available at: <https://jati.um.edu.my/article/view/6206>. Date accessed: 22 may 2019.
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