THE SOUTHERN THAILAND INSURGENCY: IDEOLOGICAL AND IDENTITY CHALLENGES

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Mohd Mizan Aslam

Abstract

The Southern Thailand crisis can be seen from perspective of the insurgency in the
southern provinces. The separatist insurgency is centered in Pattani, Yala, and
Narathiwat in Thailand’s Muslim-majority south. Ninety-five percent of the
population are Muslims. All together, Muslims in the southern region constitute
3.2 million or about 5 percent of the total population in Thailand. About 3500 people
have died since the beginning of the insurgency. Many more were detained by the
Thailand government and some fled to Malaysia and to other Southeast Asian
countries to avoid arrest and detention. This crisis has had significant impact on
Southeast Asian security, and, thus, raised a number of questions, such as why the
people became insurgents, and what are their objectives. This paper attempts to
analyse the factors contributing to this crisis, and aims at drawing some
implications for the security issue in Thailand, Southeast Asia, and beyond.
Keywords: Insurgency, South Thailand, identity, ideology, and security

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How to Cite
ASLAM, Mohd Mizan. THE SOUTHERN THAILAND INSURGENCY: IDEOLOGICAL AND IDENTITY CHALLENGES. JATI - JOURNAL OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN STUDIES, [S.l.], v. 13, p. 79-93, dec. 2008. ISSN 2600-8653. Available at: <https://jati.um.edu.my/article/view/6201>. Date accessed: 22 may 2019.
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