DEMOCRATIC CHANGES AND THE ROHINGYA IN MYANMAR

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Seo In LEE

Abstract

Despite the domestic and international reforms to democracy in Myanmar over the past few years, the situation of the Rohingya in Rakhine has been deteriorating without any signs of improvement. To understand this situation, first of all, this paper examines the nature of Buddhist nationalism and then explores the relations among the central government, Tatmadaw and Buddhist organisations such as Ma Ba Tha and Sangha according to political and social changes in transition toward democracy. These analyses help to identify the backgrounds of coexistence of the oppression of the Rohingya and democratisation in Myanmar, and further how and why the persecution of the Rohingya has continued in democratic transition. This paper concludes that political and social changes facilitated the building of the viable structures for the persecution of Rohingya Muslims based on Buddhist nationalism in transition toward democracy.



Keywords: Myanmar, Rohingya, Democratic Transition, Buddhist Nationalism, Persecution, Tatmadaw, Sangha, Ma Ba Tha

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How to Cite
LEE, Seo In. DEMOCRATIC CHANGES AND THE ROHINGYA IN MYANMAR. JATI - JOURNAL OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN STUDIES, [S.l.], v. 20, p. 16-35, dec. 2015. ISSN 2600-8653. Available at: <https://jati.um.edu.my/article/view/5656>. Date accessed: 26 aug. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.22452/jati.vol20no1.2.
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