ANALISIS KESOPANAN BAHASA LEECH & GRICE: MANIFESTASI STRUKTUR DALAM PERISTIWA MELUNAS RINDU (POLITENESS ANALYSIS OF LEECH AND GRICE: THE STRUCTURAL PATTERNS OF POLITENESS MANIFESTED IN THE NOVEL MELUNAS RINDU)

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Sara Beden Indirawati Zahid

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to classify and structuralize the pattern of politeness in the novel Melunas Rindu, the literature text used by the form four students in Zone 4 (Johor, Sabah, Sarawak and Wilayah Persekutuan Labuan). The pattern of politeness is depicted through various occurrences and dialogues between the characters in the novel. When practising the pattern of politeness, a suitable structure is used according to a specific occurrence. Thus, the research data reflects the analysis done on this pattern of politeness. The dialogues of the main and supporting characters of the novel from Chapter 12 were analysed. The two models of Leech Politeness Principle (1983) and Grice Model of Communication (1975) were used to analyse the dialogues. This research used library research, text analysis and quantitative methods. The findings showed that only four Leech maxims and only two Grice maxims were fulfilled. The findings also showed that the Leech maxims were not able to stand alone in portraying the politeness pattern as a combination of maxims to form specific patterns is needed. In certain cases, the Leech maxims were completed with the presence of the Grice maxims. In addition, the application of structure in the politeness pattern for each occurrence was diversified. It can be concluded that the politeness pattern and its structure of politeness exist because of specified events.

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BEDEN, Sara; ZAHID, Indirawati. ANALISIS KESOPANAN BAHASA LEECH & GRICE: MANIFESTASI STRUKTUR DALAM PERISTIWA MELUNAS RINDU (POLITENESS ANALYSIS OF LEECH AND GRICE: THE STRUCTURAL PATTERNS OF POLITENESS MANIFESTED IN THE NOVEL MELUNAS RINDU). JATI - JOURNAL OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN STUDIES, [S.l.], v. 19, p. 151-168, dec. 2014. ISSN 2600-8653. Available at: <https://jati.um.edu.my/article/view/5533>. Date accessed: 20 july 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.22452/jati.vol19no1.10.
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