A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE PARIYATTI COURSES IN MANDALAY AND PAKOKKU
Main Article Content
Myanmar is supposed to b e a TheravÃ¢da Buddhist country and it has a long tradition in the study and practice of Buddhism. To made that possible both monks and men including kings and governments take their equal share in: 1. Teaching the Pitaka comprising Suttanta, Vinaya and AbhidhammÃ¢. 2. Leaming the Pitaka. 3. Discussing the theory and practice of the teachings of the Buddha (know as SÃ¢sanÃ¢). 4. Propagating the SÃ¢sanÃ¢. In the aspect of teaching, the most important thing is to have competent teachers. In the aspect of learning, I find that the medium of teaching is also an important thing to consider. For promotion and propagation of SÃ¢sanÃ¢, the members of SanghÃ¢ have to do the two duties viz. GanthadhÃ»ra - the duty to learn and teach the Pitaka, and VipassanÃ¢dhÃ»ra - the duty to meditate. (Buddhist Term, 2000,62). In order to carry out these duties of the member of the SanghÃ¢ establish monasteries or CÃ¢santuik, where Buddhist Scriptures are taught especially to young monks. They are also expected to perform other responsibilities of Pariyatti. There are three kinds of SanghÃ¢ engaged in the GanthadhÃ»ra viz. CÃ¢khya, CÃ¢luik and CÃ¢chui. Students who attend the lectures are called CÃ¢luik. One of them selected to read the text is CÃ¢chui and the lecturer is CÃ¢khya. The teachers or CÃ¢khya CharÃ¢toau (GanthavÃ¢caka) we various methods to make the lessons easy for the students. The two widely used methods in Myanmar are Mandalay Method and Pakokku Method.
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